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    Высшее образование в Великобритании: список полезных терминов


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    Высшее образование в Великобритании: список полезных терминовНесмотря на то, что студенты из Украины, которые поступают в университеты Великобритании уже владеют высоким уровнем английского языка, каждый из них сталкивается с проблемой понимания отдельных терминов. Особенно если это относится к терминологии, которая используется приемными комиссиями университетов и колледжей. В помощь студентам, предлагаем воспользоваться кратким словарем, который сделает процесс зачисления в Британский ВУЗ намного проще.


    Accommodation – where you’ll live during your time as a student – such as residence halls or off-campus student housing.

    Adviser – someone who provides you with information, advice and support with your application. This could be a teacher, tutor, counsellor or agent.

    Agent – also known as or consultants or educational advisers, agents are representatives from around the world who represent UK universities and colleges, English language centres or independent boarding schools. They typically have a contractual relationship with one or more course providers who pay them commission for each student placed on their courses.

    A level – The General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A level, or more commonly the A level), is an academic qualification taken in England, Wales and Northern Ireland by students completing further education (secondary or pre-university education).

    AS level – the common term for the Advanced Subsidiary or first part of a full A level qualification.

    Bachelor’s degree – a three or four year course you can take in undergraduate higher education after you’ve finished further education – also known as a ‘first degree’ or ‘undergraduate degree’. Most courses are either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science.

    BA – a common abbreviation for a Bachelor of Arts degree.

    CertHE – a Certificate of Higher Education is a higher education qualification offered in the UK, typically taking one year (full-time) or two years (part-time) study to complete.

    College – a provider of further and higher education.

    Conservatoire – a provider of performance based music, dance and drama courses.

    Course – there are many different courses across different levels, subjects and locations – from foundation degrees to PhDs.

    Course provider – a university, college or conservatoire offering higher education courses.

    DipHE – a Diploma in Higher Education is a higher education qualification offered in the UK and generally awarded after two years of full-time study at a university or higher education institution.

    First class honours – Most UK course providers use a degree classification system. First class honours, or a ‘first’ is the highest level degree classification awarded.

    First year/second year/third year/fourth year/final year – are terms used to refer to students or stages in the UK higher education system.

    Fresher – is a slang term for students in their first year of university.

    Further education (FE) – this is postcompulsory secondary or pre-university education in the UK. Courses typically focus on vocational or basic skills.

    Gap year – a year typically taken after completion of secondary-level qualifications before starting a higher education course. During this year, students often travel, volunteer or complete work experience.

    GCSE – is the abbreviated term for the General Certificate of Secondary Education – an academic qualification taken by students aged 14–16 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

    Graduate – a student who has completed and graduated from an undergraduate course – they can now apply for postgraduate courses.

    HEP – universities, colleges and conservatoires are sometimes referred to as higher education providers

    Higher education (HE) – the level of education UCAS can help you apply for – from undergraduate courses when you’ve finished further education, to postgraduate courses you can move on to after graduating from an undergraduate degree.

    Higher National Certificate (HNC) – a vocationally focused higher education qualification offered in the UK, usually taking one year to complete, and roughly equivalent to one year of university study.

    Консультация специалистов по высшему образованию за рубежом:
    +38 044 228 93 01, info.edusteps@gmail.com

    Higher National Diploma (HND) – a vocationally focused higher education qualification offered in the UK. Completion of an HND is considered equivalent to the second year of a three year degree course and can often be used to gain entry to a university course.

    Honours – for example an ‘honours degree’. Most first degrees in higher education can come with ‘honours’. It’s not a grade as such – it just means it’s possible to get your degree ‘with honours’, which would be an extra indication of quality. Check what you need to do to get honours – it might be getting a certain grade or submitting a good dissertation.

    League tables – rankings of course providers – these can be an overall ranking, or listed by reputation, courses or departments.

    Lecturer – is the name of an academic based at a university or college who teaches, lectures and conducts research.

    MA – the abbreviation for Master of Arts, which can mean two different things. Often it stands for Master of Arts, a postgraduate level qualification. But it can also be an undergraduate degree studied at one of the UK’s ancient universities such as the universities of St. Andrews, Oxford and Cambridge.

    Mark – also known as ‘grade’ or ‘result’ can be used to refer to the outcome of an individual paper, exam, module or overall class or course.

    Module – typically one part of an overall class, course or subject, but can sometimes be taken as a standalone qualification.

    Ordinary degree – generally a degree passed without honours. Some universities offer ordinary degree courses in their own right. Ordinary degrees can also be awarded to those students who do complete an honours degree course but without achieving the conditions required to gain ‘honours’.

    Postgraduate – higher education study for graduates who have already completed an undergraduate course.

    Postgraduate research (PGR) – a research-intensive higher education course for graduates who have already completed an undergraduate course.

    Postgraduate taught (PGT) – a higher education course for graduates who have already completed an undergraduate course – often including a variety of coursework, lectures and seminars etc, as well as a supervised dissertation, project or thesis.

    Predicted grades – the grades a teacher, tutor or other adviser qualified to remark on a student’s academic suitability believes they will achieve when they complete their secondary qualification.

    Private school – (or an independent or public school) is typically one charging tuition fees for students to attend and is outside of federal or local government control.

    Public school – is a term generally used in the UK to refer to the top independent schools in the UK. Typically, these are older, more expensive and exclusive than other independent schools.

    Sandwich course – the year of a course where you work in a profession you’re studying for.

    Second class honours – Most UK universities and colleges use a degree classification system. The highest level is commonly called a ‘first’ with second class honours broken down into two further classifications – upper division (or 2:1) and lower division (2:2). A 2:1 or upper second class honours classification is often required for entry into many postgraduate courses in the UK.

    Third class honours – Most UK universities and colleges use a degree classification system. Third class honours is typically the lowest degree classification awarded by UK universities and colleges.

    Transcript – an official or unofficial academic record produced by a school, college, university or awarding body.

    Unistats – a handy website for students to research and compare subjects, universities and colleges – from student satisfaction ratings to statistics on getting a graduate job after you finish the course.

    University – a provider of higher education.

    UCAS applications

    Adjustment – in an undergraduate application, one of the services you can use to look for alternative courses. This one’s in case you’ve met and exceeded your conditions and you’d like to see if you can get on a course with higher entry requirements – all while still holding your original confirmed place.

    Apply – in your application, the name of our online application system. (For postgraduate courses Apply is combined with Track.)

    Bachelor’s degree – a three or four year course you can take in undergraduate higher education after you’ve finished further education – also known as a first or undergraduate degree. It’s either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, depending what subject you choose.

    Buzzword – for undergraduate applications, your school, college or centre will give you a buzzword so you can link your application to them. It's a word you add to your application when you register to make an undergraduate application (unless you're applying independently).

    Centre – a school, college or organisation that can help students apply to higher education.

    Changed course offer – in your application, you might get one of these if you haven’t met your conditions, or if the university or college has made changes to the courses they run. It might involve a different start date or point of entry, or a different course altogether.

    Choice – a choice is a course you apply for on your application – many students make multiple choices to increase their chances of getting a place.

    Clearing – in an undergraduate application, Clearing is another service you can use to look for alternative courses. If you didn’t get a place on a course – whether you didn’t receive offers, declined your offers or didn’t get the grades you needed – Clearing allows you to apply for courses that still have vacancies.

    College – a provider of further and higher education.

    Conditional offer – in your application, an offer of a place on a course subject to conditions. To be accepted on the course you’ll need to meet the conditions – usually related to your exam results. This is a common type of offer for students applying direct from further education.

    Confirmation – in your application, the outcome of a conditional offer you’ve accepted. If you meet the conditions your place will be made unconditional (meaning you’ve got a place on the course) – if not the offer will be declined.

    Conservatoire – a provider of performance based music, dance and drama courses.

    Course – there are many different courses across different levels, subjects and locations – from foundation degrees to PHDs.

    Course and training providers – a university, college, conservatoire, School Direct school or other institution offering higher education courses.

    Deferral – in your application, this is what you do if you’d like to carry an offer over to start it in the following academic year.

    Entry Profiles – these are within course listings in the search tool – they’re put together by uni and college staff, with info including entry requirements and course content.

    Entry requirements – this is what the course provider recommends you need to do/have to get on the course – from qualifications and specific subjects or grades to interviews, admissions tests and medical requirements. You aren't guarenteed an offer if you meet or already have these.

    Extra – in an undergraduate application, Extra is a service you can use to apply for alternative places if you do not hold an offer from your first five choices.
    Консультация специалистов по высшему образованию за рубежом:
    +38 044 228 93 01, info.edusteps@gmail.com

    Firm choice – in your application, an offer you accept as your first choice.

    Further education (FE) – the level of education you complete at school or college before you start higher education.

    Graduate – a student who has completed and graduated from an undergraduate course – they can now apply for postgraduate courses if they’d like to.

    GTTR – The Graduate Teacher Training Registry – the name of the former teacher training application service. The GTTR was replaced with a new application service in 2013 – UCAS Teacher Training.

    HEP – a higher education provider – a university, college or conservatoire.

    Higher education (HE) – the level of education we can help you apply to – from undergraduate courses when you’ve finished further education, to postgraduate courses you can move on to after graduating from an undergraduate degree.

    Honours – for example an ‘honours degree’. Most first degrees in higher education can come with ‘honours’. It’s not a grade as such – it just means it’s possible to get your degree ‘with honours’, which would be an extra indication of quality. Check what you need to do to get honours – it might be getting a certain grade or submitting a good dissertation.

    Insurance choice – in your application, an offer you accept as your second choice – just in case you don’t meet the conditions of your firm offer.

    Invitation – in your application, you may receive an invitation from a university or college asking you to attend an interview or audition, or to provide a portfolio, essay or another piece of work.

    League tables – rankings of course providers – these can be an overall ranking, or listed by reputation, courses or departments.

    Personal ID – in your application, the 10-digit number you get when you register to Apply – printed in a 123-456-7890 format on every letter we send you. (You’ll be asked for this if you get in touch with our Customer Contact Centre.)

    Personal statement – a piece of text applicants write to show why they’re applying and why they’d be a great student for a course provider to accept.

    Point of entry – in your application, which year of the course you start at – for example ‘2’ means you’d start in the second year of the course.

    Postgraduate – higher education study for graduates who have already completed an undergraduate course.

    Referee – in your application, someone who provides a reference for you.

    Reference – in your application, a recommendation on an applicant’s application form from a teacher, adviser or professional.

    Sandwich course – a course with an additional year where you work in a profession you're studying.

    Scheme code – in your application, this is used along with your Personal ID to identify your application.

    School Direct – part of the UCAS Teacher Training application scheme – for students studying postgraduate teacher training programmes based in a School Direct school.

    Tariff – the Undergraduate Tariff is the system for allocating points to the different qualifications you can use to get into undergraduate higher education. Not all qualifications will be included on the Tariff. It is for use in admissions only and is not transferable to the job market

    Track – the name of our online tracking system where you can see how your application is progressing. Here you can reply to offers and make amendments like changing your email address etc. (For postgraduate courses Apply is combined with Track.)

    UCAS – the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service in the UK. This includes our main UCAS undergraduate application, as well as the other schemes we run, e.g. UCAS Conservatoires (performing arts), UCAS Teacher Training and UKPASS (postgraduate). We also help students from 13 years old onwards with UCAS Progress.

    UCAS Conservatoires – the name of the performing arts application service (formerly CUKAS).

    UCAS Teacher Training – the UCAS application service for postgraduate teacher training, replacing the GTTR.

    UKPASS – the UK Postgraduate Application and Statistical Service – the name of the postgraduate application service.

    Unconditional offer – in your application, an offer of a place on a course with no conditions – the place is yours if you want it.

    Undergraduate – the first level of study in higher education. If you graduate from an undergraduate degree you can move on to postgraduate study.

    Unistats – a useful website for students to research and compare subjects, universities and colleges – from student satisfaction ratings to stats about getting a graduate job after you finish the course.

    University – (or ‘uni’ for short) – a provider of higher education.

    Unsuccessful – in your application, either you haven’t been made an offer or you haven’t met the conditions of a conditional offer.

    Withdrawal – in your application, before the decision has been made to make you an offer or not, either you or the university or college can withdraw a choice.

    Читайте в Блоге об Обучении в Англии:
    Формы обучения в университетах Великобритании
    Как выбрать лучший университет в Британии
    Квалификации в системе высшего образования Великобритании
    Магистратура в университетах Великобритании: информация для выпускников университетов Украины

    Источник: www.ucas.com
    Материал подготовлен авторами EduSteps.
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